Some data from the WHO for the elderly

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Adaptation in the kitchen for Elderly and Handicaps

By reflecting about the logic that cooking is an habit, and that this habit can be hard for elderlies and handicaps, the German Designer Dirk Biotto developed a completely adapted kitchen that attends to the needs of those populations. Check it out!

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Entitled ChopChop, the modern kitchen has adjustable legs for different heights, as well as the distribution of the utensils. Therefore, either a handicap in the well chair or an elderly with limitations in their movements can access all the utensils, manipulate objects and use the sink.

In the sink, an extensible hose allows to use water from different distances.

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There is also a clamp close to the faucet that facilitates to open glass jars, cans and bottles. By developing the clamp, the German Designer thought about handicaps amputees, who cannot use both limbs to perform tasks in the daily basis.

For those ones who face difficulties in holding the food and also cutting them, there is an apparatus that keep fruits and vegetables stable to be cut, as well as a grinder for cheese and other foods held with screws on the table, facilitating the manipulation of objects with only one hand.

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The German project of the accessible kitchen is still a prototype, but we look forward to seeing it for sale!

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My favorite things (about aging) by Julie Andrews

‘My Favorite Things’ about Aging By Julie Andrews Geffen Playhouse's Annual "Backstage At The Geffen" Gala - Arrivals

This is yet another perspective on age and aging!

To commemorate her 69th birthday on October 1, actress/vocalist Julie Andrews made a special appearance at Manhattan’s Radio City Music Hall for the benefit of the AARP. One of the musical numbers she performed was “My Favorite Things” from the legendary movie “Sound Of Music.”

However, the lyrics of the song were deliberately changed for the entertainment of her “blue hair” audience. Here are the lyrics she recited:

Maalox and nose drops and needles for knitting,
Walkers and handrails and new dental fittings,
Bundles of magazines tied up in string,
These are a few of my favorite things..

Cadillacs and cataracts and hearing aids and glasses,
Polident and Fixodent and false teeth in glasses,
Pacemakers, golf carts and porches with swings,
These are a few of my favorite things.

When the pipes leak,
When the bones creak,
When the knees go bad
I simply remember my favorite things,
And then I don’t feel so bad.

Hot tea and crumpets, and corn pads for bunions,
No spicy hot food or food cooked with onions,
Bathrobes and heat pads and hot meals they bring,
These are a few of my favorite things.

Back pains, confused brains, and no fear of sinnin’,
Thin bones and fractures and hair that is thinnin’,
And we won’t mention our short shrunken frames,
When we remember our favorite things.

When the joints ache,
when the hips break,
When the eyes grow dim,
Then I remember the great life I’ve had,
And then I don’t feel so bad.

Ms. Andrews received a standing ovation from the crowd that lasted over four minutes and with an encore.

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Infographic for Brain Exercises

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Let`s understand better about our Circadian Rhythm

ritmo circadiano

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You must try these exercises to get rid of your Double Chin

As we age, we all lose firmness of our facial muscles. Due to this reason, even skinny people can have double chin.

The exercises bellow should be performed daily, and it may help you to strength facial muscles and get rid of the double chin.

Check it out!

1. Warming up the muscles

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Just like before any other workout, you’ll want to warm up your facial muscles.

For this purpose, move your lower jaw forward and backward and then side to side. All movements should be performed slowly and smoothly without sudden jerks. Repeat the exercise 8-10 times.

2. The Scoop

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Open your mouth, and roll your bottom lip over your lower teeth. Imagine that you need to scoop water with your lower jaw. Move your head down in a scooping motion, and close your mouth while lifting your head.

While performing this exercise make sure that the corners of your lips are completely relaxed. Repeat 5-7 times.

3. Touch your nose

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A double chin is also associated with weakness of the hyoid muscles. That is why they also need to be strengthened.

Stick out your tongue as far as possible, and try to reach your nose with the tip of your tongue. Keep your lips relaxed. Repeat 5 times.

4. The perfect oval face

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If you want to return the shape of your face to a younger look and pull your cheeks up, do the following exercise: turn your head to the left, and pull your lower jaw forward, straining the muscles of your neck. You should feel the muscles on the left of your neck stretching. Then turn your head to the right and do the same movement. Repeat 5 times on each side.

5. “Kiss the giraffe”

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Imagine you need to kiss a giraffe (or someone who is very tall).

Lift your face up, and look at the ceiling. Slightly bring your lower jaw forward, and pucker your lips as if you are going to kiss someone. If you are performing the exercise correctly, you should feel a strong tension in your neck. Hold the position for 5 to 8 seconds and release. Repeat 5 times.

6. Resistance

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For this exercise, you need to make two fists and place them directly under your chin. Then begin to move your lower jaw slightly down on your fists, and strain your muscles while overcoming the resistance. The pressing force should gradually increase. When you reach maximum resistance, hold for 3 seconds. Then relax, and repeat the exercise 5-7 times.

7. Smile

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Clench your teeth with your mouth closed, and try to stretch the corners of your lips as wide as possible. Now push your tongue against your hard palate, gradually increasing the pressing force.

If you feel a strong tension in your chin muscles, then you have performed the exercise correctly. Hold this feeling of tension for 5 seconds, and then relax for 3 seconds. Repeat 5-8 times.

8. Puffy cheeks

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Inhale deeply with your mouth, and fill it with air. Close your mouth, and puff up your cheeks. Now press your palms on your cheeks so that you feel tension in your muscles. Hold for 3-5 seconds, then release the air and relax. Repeat the exercise 5-6 times.

9. Bellow, you can watch a video that demonstrates the exercises above

 

Source: ladyformula, brightside.me
Illustrator Daniil Shubin, Photographer Roman Zakharchenko, Model Olga Zakharchenko for BrightSide.me
Based on materials from fitnesshealthzone, huffingtonpost

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Place a clothespin on your ear for 5 seconds. The unexpected effect will surprise you

In your lifetime, you are bound to feel aches, pains, tiredness, and that is okay. We are human, and cannot always feel our best. But, sometimes with a little “kick” to our organs, they can release health benefits that will surprise you.

There is an interesting and unconventional way people can bring on increased health onto their organs, helping you feel renewed, and at your best. The method is by using clothespins and placing them on various spots on your ears. Why specifically your ears Each ear contains a complete reflex map of the body, rich with nerve endings and multiple connectors to the central nervous system.

There are 6 different spots on your ears that target specific regions/organs in your body. Place a clothespin on the area of your choice, and unlock the health benefits.

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1. The Upper Part Of The Ear

The uppermost part of your ear has a direct connection to your back and shoulders. By applying pressure to this spot for a minute each day, you will help reduce built-up tension in those areas.

2. The Top Of Your Ear’s Curve

This spot on your ear is connected to your organs. Therefore, if you are feeling internal tenderness or discomfort, place a clothespin on this spot for relief.

3. The Upper-Middle Part of the Ear

This part of your ear is connected to your joints. Apply pressure on this spot to relieve your joints of stiffness or pain as a result of a long day at the keyboard.

4. The Lower-Middle Part of the Ear

Pinching the lower-middle part of your ear will bring you relief in your sinuses and throat. This can come in very handy when you want to get a good night of sleep, but have a stuffy nose, or are feeling congested.

5. Just Above the Earlobe

The spot just above your earlobe is associated with digestion. By applying a clothespin here, you can help reduce digestive and stomach pain. You can use this as a means of preventing such discomfort.

6. Your Earlobe

This spot is connected with your head and heart. Apply pressure here to promote your heart’s health and also relieve migraines and pressure headaches.

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Why do Japanese people live so long?

And what you can do to live a long time too!

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Japan has the oldest life expectancy in the world. That means people in Japan live a really long time. In average, men live to 79 years old, whereas women live a little over 86 years old. 

After WWII, Japan had one of the lowest life expectancies in the world, which suggests it is not genetics that keeps them alive for so long. It is not even that Japanese people visit doctors 12+ times a year. The answer is something else, and it is something you can do as well to increase your own life expectancy (and get healthier, too).

The Japanese Diet

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Fish Vs. Red Meats: Japanese people do not eat nearly as much red meat. Red meat has a lot more cholesterol than fish, which causes you in your later years to have a much higher chance for heart disease, heart attack, stroke, and other unfortunate things. In Japan, fish is the primary “meat” to eat, which means not only do they keep their cholesterol lower, but they also get healthy fish oils, too. Now, there is probably something to be said about the nasty stuff that can come with fish (i.e. mercury), but no matter what you eat you are going to be getting something “fun”. Red meats also come full of hormones that the animals eat throughout life.

Less Milk, Butter, Dairy: Most Japanese people are lactose intolerant. In fact, people who can drink milk after becoming an “adult” are mutants anyways. People are not really meant to do dairy their whole life. Although non-fat milk is pretty healthy, a lot of people drink 1% and 2% milk. The amount of fat and cholesterol in those is pretty astounding and will kill you slowly. Japanese people do not really do dairy all that much, lactose intolerant or not, which means they avoid all the extra cholesterol.

Rice: Rice is eaten with almost everything and is high in nutrients (there are special rice strains in Japan that have been created to have more nutrients than normal rice, even). It is also low in fat and helps fill you up. Now, to make this even better (for yourself), you should try to mix in some brown rice as well. A lot of people do not like this, but it will help you get some more whole grains.

Lots of Soy: Tofu, bean sprouts, and so on are awesome for getting you proteins and help reduce heart disease and high blood pressure. Soy products are very healthy, and an awesome alternative to meats and milks, but be careful, because now, most of the soy sold in regular supermarkets are GMO products, and transgenic food has been related to cancer in the intestines and other organ dysfunctions.

Tea: Japanese people drink a ton of tea. While there is something to be said in regards to “everything in moderation”, I feel like one cup of tea is going to be better for you than one cup of coffee, especially when we are talking about large amounts. Green / Oolong Tea is full of antioxidants (good for preventing cancer), and apparently helps break up oils in the digestive system, keeping those bowels happy.

Seaweed: Mmm, seaweed. It is full of iodine and other nutrients you do not get as much of anywhere else. So incredibly healthy. Also supposed to help fight against many kinds of cancers, too.

More Vegetables: Vegetables tend to be a big part of every meal, not an afterthought or “oh, I should add a vegetable to this steak dinner” kind of thing. Everyone knows that vegetables are healthy and good for you. What else is there to say?

Smaller Plates: Here is a trick. If you are looking to lose weight, get rid of your big plates. Small plates cause people to eat smaller portions, which causes people to eat less. So many studies have been done on plate size and how much one eats, and there is a surprising correlation between the two. Japanese tend to serve food on smaller plates which means they do not overeat and get fat, which, of course, reduces chance of heart attack, heart disease, stroke, and other ailments.

What You Can Do: Eating healthier is not always easy. We get used to what we eat, and making a shift is hard. One of the best things you can do, though, is to decrease the amount of red meats you eat. They lead to all kinds of problems later on, and it is pretty easy to avoid. You do not have to stop eating red meat all together, but if you can really decrease the amount, your body will thank you. Also, for all you addicted coffee drinkers out there, switch to tea. There is a reason why older people are being forced (by doctors) to quit drinking so much coffee. Tea also has caffeine and is generally just a lot healthier. Drink it every day!

Walking vs. Sitting

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The Commute: A large portion of Japanese people walk, bike, and take the train to work (or wherever they need to go). Cars are kind of a luxury, and it is almost easier to take a train anyways (train system is awesome). This means Japanese people are standing up for longer periods of the day, whether that means they are walking / biking to the train station, or standing up in the train because there is not room to sit down. There have been plenty of studies done showing the correlation between how long you sit down per day and how likely you are to die early. Basically, if you stand up more every day, you will probably end up living longer. In Japan, standing and walking is just a necessity. If you want to live longer, try and stand up for a few hours every day. 

Squatting While You Poop: Apparently, it is also healthier to squat when you poop. Although this is becoming less and less the case, many Japanese toilets require you to squat, which has its own health benefits (even if it takes some practice). Some researches claim that squatting helps with your digestive system and actually help you to avoid hemorrhoids. While hemorrhoids are pretty common in Western countries, they are nearly nonexistent in Asia, squatting countries. Back in 1978 they even got Jimmy Carter a squat toilet because his hemorrhoids were so bad. I do not want to talk too much about poop here, so if you want to read more you can.

What You Can Do: It is probably too hard to squat on top of your Western toilet when you poop, but you definitely can adapt it with a small step close to the toilet, performing the squatting pose while pooping. At the very least, try to stand up while you work (instead of sitting down). Just standing will help you stay healthy and live longer, even if you are not moving around. We are not made to be sitting around all day long.

Cleanliness

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Japan is probably one of the cleanest nations in the world. There is almost an obsession with it in some cases. There is no doubt that cleanliness leads to healthiness (we learned that in the great plagues back in the day). If you live in a clean house, and wash your hands, you should be okay. It does not always seem like a cultural norm in other countries to wash your hands and shower every day (especially depending on where you are), but keeping clean and living around clean people will keep you healthy and help you live longer. It will help you to avoid diseases (especially important when you are old) and keep you from getting sick.

What You Can Do: Just wash your hands when you get home, after using the toilet, before cooking or even in places that you go after walking in the street.

The Family & The Social

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Taking care of grandma (and sometimes grandpa): In Japan, the oldest kid is supposed to take care of the parents when they get old. The parent(s) live with the kid and help out around the house. Although this is changing a bit and fewer kids are helping out with their parents, it is still really common. Having your kid(s) around, and grandkids around has to be a pretty nice psychological boost for the old grandma or grandpa, urging them to live longer and enjoy their time with their family. Plus, since they are helping out around the house, it means they are moving around (walking is important, right?), doing things, and staying active. Being old and living in a retirement home would be depressing, and probably helps a lot of old people lose the will to live as long.

Hanging out and socializing: When it comes to business in Japan, employees are often required to go out and socialize, drink (you do not have to drink alcohol), and have fun after work. Although this takes away from sleep time (probably not as good for people who want to live long), socializing is really important for your psychological health. The better that is, the more you will enjoy life and keep on living. By doing this you make friends, know more people, build a network, and so on. This means you have more friends later on in life, which means you will enjoy life more when you are older too. When you enjoy life, you just want to live longer. It’s as simple as that.

What You Can Do: While you probably cannot force your kids into taking you into their home when you get older, you can get out there and make friends. The more you socialize the better you will feel about life and the more social support you will have later on.

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Silent Killers of Your Metabolism – information and tips

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Can the Brain Reverse the Aging Process? 7 ways to exercise your brain

Cognitive brain function peaks in our early fifties, but staying mentally active can prevent brain loss in the years to follow.

If you are over 40, you are not going to like this (and if you are not yet 40, get ready for a reality check): Early in your fifth decade, researchers believe, your cognitive brain performance peaks. From there, it’s a downhill slide for the remaining years of your life.

The good news is that the brain is highly adaptable (plasticity); it responds to experiences. In particular, “spaced practice” (repetitive exercise) helps the brain to learn, grow, strengthen, and develop. As we age, there are ways to combat the reduced function of mental processes such as memory, speed of thinking, problem solving, reasoning, and decision making. Starting to incorporate easy exercises today can help forestall decline tomorrow.

Your brain is responsible for five main cognitive functions: executive function, memory, attention, language, and visual-spatial skills. If you already squeeze aerobic exercise into your schedule (studies recommend at least three times per week for an hour), then you have a good routine that is increasing brain blood flow to critical memory centers and improving your ability to remember facts. Adding any of the following cognitive function–building practices will amplify your brain health benefits:

1. Strategize! Logic and reasoning skills are the basis for making decisions and considering possible outcomes of your actions. The more you challenge yourself to do these kinds of tasks, the more you deepen the neural pathways necessary for this type of brain function. If you like games, this kind of exercise is right up your alley. Video games and strategic board games (such as chess) are great ways to engage this aspect of brain training. Other options include social interaction or any activity that requires you to identify a desired outcome and then calculate choices and develop a plan to achieve success. Screen Shot 2017-03-06 at 7.09.26 PM

2. Challenge your memory. You highlight how important memory is to your cognitive function every time you read, reason, or do any type of mental calculation. Memory is also the first place you’ll probably notice your cognitive function altering. Training your memory is incredibly easy and can be done while you commute or listen to the radio: Commit to learning all the lyrics of a song while you are driving, or memorize a poem while sitting on the bus. Do not commute? Force yourself to do a task by memory. For example, wash your face and brush your teeth with your eyes closed, or learn to perform a task with your non-dominant hand.

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3. (Re)focus your attention. Attention is one of the foundational elements of cognition and it decreases with age. Your ability to place your focus (and hold it there) allows you to concentrate and be productive despite distractions, which means this is a part of your brain function you want to keep sharp. Increasing this brain ability is as simple as changing your routine. Ninety-eight percent of what you do every day is habit; changing the routine guarantees your brain has to pay attention. There are two ways to work this part of your brain muscle: (1) Identify what you do by rote day after day and change it. That can mean taking a different route to work or school or changing your exercise routine (i.e., do the exercises in reverse order); (2) When you combine activities that require cognitive function, you force your brain to do more in the same amount of time. For example, cook and listen to talk radio or an audiobook, or drive while making a list of groceries in your head.

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4. Reset your brain. As important as it is to be able to pay attention, sometimes it is even better to give your brain a break. Stilling your mind breaks its rhythm, which causes it to refresh. Giving your mind a break allows it to return to tasks later with increased perspective and creativity. You can think of this as a sort of interval training for your brain. We suggest a “Five by Five” principle “where you take a break from whatever you are doing five times a day for at least five minutes to reset.”

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Make an effort to process information beyond its superficial level. When you read a book or article (including this one!), share what you learn with someone else. Rather than just recounting the facts, identify and discuss the theme(s) in what you read and how they relate to your life.

5. Buff up your lingo. Language games stimulate your brain to understand, remember, and recognize words. The more you practice fluency in language, the more quickly your brain will retrieve old words and embrace new ones. Taking the time to understand new words in context especially trains your brain to remember them, since you increase the associations linked with the definition. A simple way to engage this process is to read articles outside your normal realm of interest. Rather than reading the business section of the newspaper, read the sports or science section instead.

Handmade board game Oflameron

6. Synthesize, synthesize, synthesize. Synthesis is the skill of joining up. Essentially, it is the process of forming new knowledge or new ideas by taking different existing ideas and knowledge, sometimes from different areas… It is a skill that involves activities like linking, connecting, joining together.” To exercise yourself in this way, make an effort to process information beyond its superficial level. When you read a book or article (including this one!), share what you learn with someone else. Rather than just recounting the facts, identify and discuss the theme(s) in what you read and how they relate to your life.best-word-games-android

7. Take a really good look. One of the most dominant senses your brain uses to understand and encode your experience is your visual sense. Being able to visually analyze your environment gives you many cognitive clues about how to behave within it. Developing this part of your brain muscle can be done in two easy ways: (1) In any setting, pick out three items and their location. When you leave the setting, close your eyes and see if you can accurately remember each item and its location; do this again two hours later; (2) For more of a challenge, try noticing everything you can see in your full range of vision (front and peripheral), then write it all down from recall.

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Considered in these micro-elements, the ease of adding brain exercise to your day seems obvious. I think you can handle it, so I am going to sneak in one more surefire way to bump up your gray matter: Stop multitasking. Constant simultaneous in/output fatigues your brain and leads to reduced efficiency and productivity. When you need to focus on higher-order thinking (those tasks that really require full access to your brain power), you will achieve more if you allow your focus to remain uninterrupted for at least 15 minutes at a time.

All this sounds promising, but understanding the concept that your brain can hold off the aging process is a lot like buying a membership to the gym: It only helps if you actually use it. Which means incorporating these ideas into your everyday experience will require a tiny bit of intention on your part. If you have been reading this while also listening to the news on television—an example of combining activities that require cognitive function and thus working out your ability to pay attention—then you have already got a good head start.

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